New sentencing powers for wildlife crime in England & Wales

cash pile 2Well this is good news!

The following article appears in the RSPB’s latest Legal Eagle newsletter:

New magistrates’ court powers to impose larger fines in environmental offences.

Magistrates’ courts now have the power to impose fines of an unlimited amount on individuals or organisations convicted in England and Wales for criminal offences, which would previously have attracted a fine capped at £5,000 or more. This change to the law came into force in March, and applies to many environmental offences.

This alteration has come about due to provisions in the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders (LASPO) Act 2012 coming into force on 12 March 2015.

This is a significant expansion of magistrates’ sentencing powers.

The new provisions apply to all “summary” offences (which are always heard by the magistrates’ courts) and also to “either way” offences when dealt with in the magistrates’ (rather than the Crown) court. They apply to all offences committed after 12 March 2015 where they would previously have attracted a fine capped at £5,000 or more.

Examples of offences affected are:

  • Wildlife offences contained in the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 and the Protection of Badgers Act 1992. These summary offences, until 12 March 2015, attracted a fine capped at £5,000.
  • Wider environmental offences under the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010. These (mostly “either way”) offences previously imposed fines of up to £50,000 depending on the type and nature of the offence.

In both cases the former maximum sentencing caps have now been removed and fines that can be imposed by the magistrates’ court are unlimited.

The rationale behind the new provisions is to enable more proportionate fines to be imposed on “wealthy or corporate offenders or organisations” and to reduce the number of referrals to the Crown Court for sentencing, which can be time consuming and costly. Only time will tell whether, in the absence of the maximum cap, magistrates will still continue to impose lower fines than the Crown Court.


Excellent! Now all we need is to get the cases to court and for the magistrates to accept the evidence…

In related (sort of) news, Westminster MPs are to be given a free vote on changes to the fox hunting laws (see here and especially here). The Countryside Alliance is supporting this move (of course) and says, “These amendments [if approved] will bring the law in to line with Scotland…” Interesting. Does that mean we can expect to see the Countryside Alliance campaigning for the introduction of vicarious liability for raptor persecution offences in England and Wales ‘to bring the law in to line with Scotland’? No, thought not.


1 Response to “New sentencing powers for wildlife crime in England & Wales”

  1. 1 AnMac
    July 9, 2015 at 3:50 pm

    A lot of good this will do if the magistrates will not accept good evidence taken by camera to convict the wildlife criminals as has recently been reported on this site within the last few days.

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